World Cup 1974

The tenth World Cup was played in West Germany between 13 June and 7 July. The qualifications for the final tournament included 98 national teams. For the final tournament 16 teams would be contending the title as world champions. Australia, East Germany, Haiti and Zaire participated for the first time. As the host nation, West Germany was automatically qualified and so was Brazil as the title holder.

Official poster

Offical Official  World Cup 1974

Participating teams

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • East Germany
  • Haiti
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Scotland
  • Sweden
  • Uruguay
  • West Germany
  • Yugoslavia
  • Zaire

Winners, 2nd & 3rd place

  • West Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Poland

Top scorers

  • Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)
  • Johan Neeskens (5 goals)
  • Andrzej Szarmach (5 goals)

Cities and stadiums

  • Munich (Olympiastadion)
  • West Berlin (Olympiastadion)
  • Hamburg (Volksparkstadion)
  • Dortmund (Westfalenstadion)
  • Düsseldorf (Rheinstadion)
  • Gelsenkirchen (Parkstadion)
  • Frankfurt (Waldstadion)
  • Hanover (Niedersachsenstadion)
  • Stuttgart (Neckarstadion)

Average attendance: 46,530

Background

Security would be high on the agenda since the horrific Munich massacre two years earlier in the Summer Olympics when terrorists killing eleventh athletics. All matches and accommodations of the teams were highly guarded.

For the World Cup in 1974 a new trophy was introduced (Brazil had won the Jules Rimet Trophy permanently due to three victories). The new trophy was just called FIFA World Cup Trophy. It was created by Silvio Gazzaniga and made of 18 karat gold and the green ring lawyers on the lower part was made of malachite. Apart from the previous trophy the ruling for the new trophy prevent any nation from winning it permanently.

Format

The format was made out by two group phases, with eight teams advancing to the second phase, followed by a match of third place and a final. No Quarter- or Semi-finals was played.

Cities and arenas

The 1974 World Cup was played at nine stadiums, in nine cities.

Tournament

The 1974 version of Brazil was not a worthy follow up to the brilliant Brazil from 1970. The players showed more brutality than characteristic samba skills against Holland in the second group phase match.

The team that still treated football as an art form was instead the Netherlands. According to many the best team in the tournament, Netherlands led by Johan Cruyff won five times and draw once until the final. Netherlands that hadn't been in a World Cup final tournament since 1938 practiced a tactic game style what have been known as total football and was originally born in AFC Ajax.

Their opponent in the final, West Germany, had been favorites for the title before the tournament thanks to their victory in the European Championship two years earlier (their coach was Helmut Schön, that has been the assistant to Sepp Herberger when West Germany became world champions in 1954). However, West Germany's path to the final wasn't as smooth as the Netherlands and the very special meeting with East Germany would in fact end with a loss.

Final West Germany and Netherlands
The final between West Germany and Netherlands.

The final got a chocking start, without even touched the ball the Germans could only stop the advance from Cruyff with a tackle in the penalty area. The penalty would result in 1-0 to the Netherlands, but neither this time would Netherland earn the World Cup title.

Stats

FIFA World Cup 1974 would include 38 matches in which 97 goals were scored (2.55 per match). Five red cards and 83 yellow cards were shown during the tournament.

Results

From the first group phase (including four groups with four teams in each) these eight teams advanced: East Germany, West Germany, Yugoslavia, Brazil, Netherlands, Sweden, Poland, Argentina, Netherlands and Brazil.

From the second group phase (included two groups with four teams in each) these teams advanced: Netherlands, Brazil, West Germany and Poland.

Poland would when win the match for third place against Brazil. In the final the home nation West Germany would face Netherlands. West Germany would in the end win by 2-1.

Show matches and results Hide matches and results

Group 1
West Germany - Chile 1–0
East Germany - Australia 2–0
Australia - West Germany 0–3
Chile - East Germany 1–1
Australia - Chile 0–0
East Germany - West Germany 1–0

Group 2
Brazil - Yugoslavia 0–0
Zaire - Scotland 0–2
Scotland - Brazil 0–0
Yugoslavia - Zaire 9–0
Scotland - Yugoslavia 1–1
Zaire - Brazil 0–3

Group 3
Uruguay - Netherlands 0–2
Sweden - Bulgaria 0–0
Bulgaria - Uruguay 1–1
Netherlands - Sweden 0–0
Sweden - Uruguay 3–0
Bulgaria - Netherlands 1–4

Group 4
Poland - Argentina 3–2
Italy - Haiti 3–1
Haiti - Poland 0–7
Argentina - Italy 1–1
Argentina - Haiti 4–1
Poland - Italy 2–1

Second Round

Group A
Netherlands - Argentina 4–0
Brazil - East Germany 1–
East Germany - Netherlands 0–2
Argentina - Brazil 1–2
Netherlands - Brazil 2–0
Argentina - East Germany 1–1

Group B
Yugoslavia - West Germany 0–2
Sweden - Poland 0–1
West Germany - Sweden 4–2
Poland - Yugoslavia 2–1
Sweden - Yugoslavia 2–1
Poland - West Germany 0–1

Third place match
Brazil - Poland 0–1

Final
Netherlands - West Germany 1–2

Franz Beckenbauer holding trophy
The captain of West Germany, Franz Beckenbauer, lifting the trophy.

References:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1974_FIFA_World_Cup
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_World_Cup_Trophy
VM-boken by Jesper Hoegstrom
Image source:
FIFA - World Cup Official Film 1974