World Cup 1930

In 1929 it was decided that the first ever World Cup would take place in Uruguay from 13 July to 30 July 1930. Thirteen nations would be participating after accepting invitations – no qualifications took place in the first World Cup. In 18 matches, 70 goals would be scored including the first hat-trick in World Cup history by Guillermo Stábile.

Official poster

Offical Poster World Cup 1930

Participating teams:

  • Argentina
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Bolivia
  • Chile
  • France
  • Mexico
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Romania
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Yugoslavia

Winners, 2nd and 3rd place

  • Uruguay
  • Argentina
  • Yugoslavia/United States

Top scorers

  • Guillermo Stábile (8 goals)
  • Pedro Cea (5 goals)
  • Guillermo Subiabre (4 goals)

Cities and stadiums

  • Montevideo (Estadio Centenario)
  • Montevideo (Estadio Gran Parque Central)
  • Montevideo (Estadio Pocitoseight)

Average attendance: 24,139

Background

At the time for the event an economical depression took place in Europe. The travel expenses hindered some teams and also plenty of the European players were reluctant to leave their countries on a long trip, afraid that they would lose their jobs- this was long before it became normal with football players that could play for a living.

In addition, there was much controversy and aversion involved. Also the idea that professionals would be allowed (only amateur players were traditionally allowed in the Olympics) was the reason for Denmark and Germany to refuse to take part. Of prestigious reasons England would also refrain from participation. For a while it looked like none of the Europeans countries would make the trip to Uruguay and the first World Cup was in danger.

In the end three European nations would send their teams to Uruguay of which none unfortunately were among the highest ranked teams was included. Many of the best European teams would be absent, such as Austria, England, Hungary, Italy and Spain. The European teams that finally traveled over the Atlantic would be helped economically by Uruguay that at the time was a country with great economy.

The host team Uruguay was the favorite to win. They had won the Paris Olympics 1924 and in Amsterdam Olympics 1928. But on the other side had the closest rival Argentina won the South American Championship in 1929. The national team of Brazil had not yet become the powerhouse that it later would be and would arrive to the first World Cup ill prepared (due to internal disputes, they were only represented by players from Carioca).

Besides from not being the best team from the continent, the Europeans teams would also suffer from the travel conditions: ten days on a boat without chance for training. The reason a group phase was taken into practice (which was not done in the Olympics) was actually to give the long distanced guests the pleasure to at least play two games.

Opening cermony in football stadium
The opening ceremony.

Format

The tournament was played with a group phase followed by Semi-finals and a final (a macth for third place wasn't played).

Cities and arenas

All the matches would be played in the capital Montevideo at three different stadiums. The final would be played at Estadio Centenario with a capacity of 90,000.

Estadio Centenario football stadium
The mighty Estadio Centenario.

Tournament

The rivalry between Uruguay and Argentina was expressed by the majority of the audience that booed the team to that extent that the Argentines treated to leave the tournament. The president of Uruguay had to mediate. But is was the last match in the group for Argentina and Chile that things really got out of hand. The most players of both teams got involved in a large scrimmage after an incident between two players. After a break the match continued and Argentina won the match and also the group.

Yugoslavia and USA would surprise many by winning their groups and advance to the Semi-finals. USA that had been humiliated by the Argentinians in the 1928 Olympics with 11-2 would once again be crushed by them in the Semi-finals, this time by 6-1. On behalf of the Americans pride, it should be added that two of their players were injured and – as the bizarre rule at this time dictated – were not allowed to be replaced.

Uruguay would defeat Romania and Peru in their group and then beat Yugoslavia by a large margin in the Semi-finals. The result would not reflect the game to a full extent, however. Yugoslavia that had taken the lead had one goal disallowed by a strange decision from the referee and two of Uruguyas first goals were approved in unconvincing circumstances.

In the final they faced the archenemy Argentina who also had been their opponents in the final in the 1928 Olympics tournament. In the presence of over 90,000 people at Estadio Centenario in Montevideo, Uruguay could pull off another victory with four goals against two (this after Argentina had had a 2-1 lead). The football players of the Uruguay team would renew their status as the pride of the nation.

audience and football player Celebration after the final.

Results

Uruguay would defeat Argentina in the final with 4-2.

Show matches and results Hide matches and results

Group 1
France - Mexico 4–1
Argentina - France 1–0
Chile - Mexico 3–0
Chile - France 1–0
Argentina - Mexico 6–3
Argentina - Chile 3–1

Group 2
Yugoslavia - Brazil 2–1
Yugoslavia - Bolivia 4–0
Brazil - Bolivia 4–0

Group 3
Romania - Peru 3–1
Uruguay - Peru 1–0
Uruguay - Romania 4–0

Semi-finals
Argentina - United States 6–1
Uruguay - Yugslavia 6–1

Final
Uruguay - Argentina 4–2

The champion team of Uruguay:

Enrique Ballestero (Goalkeeper)
Ernesto Mascheroni (Defender)
Joséo Nasazzi (Defender)
José Leandro Andrade (Midfielder)
Lorenzo Fernández (Midfielder)
Álvaro Gestido (Midfielder)
Héctor Scarone (Forward)
Pablo Dorado (Forward)
Pedro Cea (Forward)
Santos Iriartre (Forward)
Héctor Castro (Forward)
Head coach: Alberto Suppici

Aftermath

The friendship between the two countries would be affected in a negative way for a time after the final. The Argentine players had felt threatened before the game by supporters and one player had received death threats. The Argentinian supporters would also report of being harassed during the event. As a revenge, the Uruguayan embassy in Buenos Aires was vandalized by citizens and the government cut off the relation to its neighbor country.

References:
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-world-cup
VM-boken by Jesper Hoegstrom
Jonathan Wilson, Inverting the Pyramid: The History of Soocer Tactics (2013)
Image source:
FIFA - World Cup Official Film 1930
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