Manchester United FC

Manchester United is one of the most prestigious football clubs and has always maintained a distinguished tradition, a record of consistent success, and a great history. They are together with Liverpool, England's most successful football clubs ever. "The Red Devils" have more national titles than Liverpool, but the rival has collected more titles in international tournaments.

Basic facts

Founded: 1878
Country: England
City: Manchester

Home grounds

North Road (1978-1880)
Bank Street (1893-1910)
Old Trafford (1910-)

Main Trophies

First Division/Premier League: 20
FA Cup: 11
Football League Cup: 4
European Cup/Champions League: 3
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1
UEFA Cup: 1

Prominent players

Stan Pearson, Johhny Carey, Duncan Edwards, Bobby Charlton, George Best, Denis Law, Gordon Strachan, Bryan Robson, Mark Hughes, Peter Schmeichel, Eric Cantona, Roy Keane, Ryan Giggs, Andy Cole, Dwight Yorke, David Beckham, Paul Scholes, Rio Ferdinand, Cristiano Ronaldo, Wayne Rooney, Robin van Persie, Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Club records

Most played games: Ryan Giggs (963)
Top goalscorer: Bobby Charlton (249)

Manchester United team
Celebration after FA Cup victory in 1983

History

Manchester was one of the cities that grew fastest under the Industrial Revolution and much so due to a torrent of workers arriving from different parts of the British islands. From a relatively small town in the beginning of the 19th century, Manchester had passed one millions inhabits by 1900 and had become one of the biggest cities in Europe. It was, in other words great conditions for football clubs to emerge, the sport was after all, in its early history to a big degree dominated by workers. The club that later would become Manchester United FC was initially founded in the year 1878, named as Newton Health L&YR Football Club. L&YR as in Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, which were the company there the team's player worked.

The team played in the Football League for the very first time in the year 1892. But, it was relegated after two years. Next, a new group of local businessmen then took over the roles and responsibilities of the club and named it as Manchester United in the year 1902. The newly named club won the title of English League in the year 1908 under the guidance of Ernest Mangnall. The team then shifted to the current stadium, Old Trafford in 1910.

After the Second World War, the club had witnessed an extended spell with the appointment of Matt Busby in the year, 1945. This visionary leader completely reshaped the club and placed a new faith in youngsters, and this strategy eventually proved to be astonishingly successful. The club then won the FA Cup in the year 1948.

The plane crash

One day in 1958 is especially marked in dark colors for the in the history of Manchester United. After a game against Red Star Belgrade in European Cup the United team was flying back to England then disaster struck. After a refuel in Munich the plane crash at the start and eight players and three members of the staff died. However, the coach survived the plane crash and he eventually built another great side that won many championship trophies and witnessed poignant victories over the time.

Shifts of management

After that, the team played under Tommy Docherty, who was even more conducive to success. However, Tommy was sacked and replaced by Dave Sexton, who was more cautious. Later, he was also sacked and replaced by Ron Atkinson.

Manchester United line up 1985
Man United line up 1985 FA Cup final v. Everton (1-0)

The Alex Ferguson era

Finally, the club appointed Alex Ferguson in the year 1986. Though it can be pretty hard to believe, however, the first years of Ferguson's coaching were extremely difficult until the team won a victory in the FA Cup in the year 1990. Over the next twenty years, the club won at least 25 major trophies, including around eleven League titles.

Manchester United won the first Double in the year of 1994. Next, it became the first English club to win a Treble while winning the FA Cup, the Premier League, and UEFA Champions League simultaneously during 1998-1999. Later, the team beat Palmeiras and became the club world champions.

Manchester United line up 1999
Man United line up in CL final 1999 v. Bayern Munich (2-1)

United won three consecutive league titles during the period 1999-2001. One of the most astonishing records is from the 1999/2000 season then they won the league with a 18 points margin.

Despite the controversial turmoil after the takeover of the Glazer family (in the year 2005), the team continued to grow as a great team while maintaining its esteemed tradition and having a huge international follower base.

During 2013-2014, it was recognized as the 2nd highest-earning club across the world with an estimated revenue of around €518 million. In fact, it was further named as the third most valuable football club in 2015. Since June 2015 onwards, Manchester United has become the most valuable global football brand to be worth of around $1.2 billion.

Post-Ferguson period of decline

When Alex Ferguson departed permanently from the post he had 1986-2013 the team's result would decrease. None of David Moyes, Ryan Giggs and the reputable Louis van Gaal could repeat the success Ferguson formula.

For the 2016/2017 season José Mourinho was appointed a manager with three years contract. This was a state of the club's ambition to continue to expand its capacity, maintain its on-field success and unbeatable winning record and hold its royal legacy.

Logo

Manchester U logoOn the upper part of the inner shield in the Manchester United crest displays a ship that actually originates from the Manchester City Council coat of arms (a ship could likewise be found on Manchester City’s logo). Below the ship there is a bigger drawing depicting a devil – the devil was first incorporated on the crest in 1970. A small change was adopted in 1998 by changing the text in the bottom banner from "Football Club" to "United".

Premier League record

Season Position Points
2015-16 5 66
2014-15 4 70
2013-14 7 64
2012-13 1 89
2011-12 2 89
2010-11 1 80
2009-10 2 85
2008-09 1 90
2007-08 1 87
2006-07 1 89
2005-06 2 83
2004-05 3 77
2003-04 3 75
2002-03 1 83
2001-02 3 77
2000-01 1 80
1999-00 1 91
1998-99 1 79
1997-98 2 77
1996-97 1 75
1995-96 1 82
1994-95 2 88
1993-94 1 92
1992-93 1 84

Premier League - facts, stats and history

References:
Simon Kuper and Stefan Szymanski, Soccernomics (2014)
http://www.manutd.com/en/Home/History/Munich-Remembered/Munich-Remembered/Features/darkest-day-in-manchester-united-history-6-february-1958.aspx
http://www.soccermaniak.com/manchester-united-fc.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_United_F.C.
http://www.manutd.com/
http://ir.manutd.com/company-information/history.aspx
Image source:
http://www.manutd.com/en/History/History-By-Decade/History-By-Decade/2014/Oct/manchester-united-history-1980-to-1989.aspx