Juventus FC, also informally known as Juve, is since long one of the top ranking Italian football clubs and located in Torino. The Italian word Juventus means “youth.” Still on its name, the club also goes by several nicknames in its native Italy. They are: “The Old Lady”, “The Girlfriend of Italy”, “Madam”, “The White-Blacks”, “The Zebras” and even “Hunchback.”
Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino (1932-1990)
Stadio delle Alpi (1990-2006)
Stadio Olimpico (2006-2011)
Juventus Stadium (2011-)
Serie A: 33
Coppa Italia: 12
European Cup/Champions League: 2
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1
UEFA Cup: 3
Pietro Anastasi, Omar Sívori, Gaetano Scirea, Roberto Bettega, Boniek, Michel Platini, Michael Laudrup, Roberto Baggio, Filippo Inzaghi, Alessandro Del Piero, Pavel Nedvěd, David Trezeguet, Zinedine Zidane, Gianluigi Buffon, Alvaro Morata, Paul Pogba
Most games played: Alessandro Del Piero (705)
Top goalscorer: Alessandro Del Piero (290)
In the 19th century Turin was a small town until the start of factories in 1870s. As a result of the wealth of local merchants the first Turin football club, Juventus, was established at the end of the century. At its establishment, on 1 November 1897, it was called Sport-Club Juventus.
The black and white strips, that today is primarily associated more with Juventus than any other football club, actually has its background in England and one of the first football clubs, Notts County. At the beginning of the 20th century, when the team needed to replace the washed out pink shirts, one of their English players was asked to arrange something from his home country. The shirts that arrive were Notts County replicas.
In the 1950s and 1960s the foremost company was Fiat and people from the poor southern Italy were moving in masses to Turin for the work opportunities. Turin became an industrial town and that circumstance has historically matched well with football success for the local teams.
The list of football legends who have played for Juventus is quite extensive. In recent years players such as forwards Alvaro Morata and Paul Pogba are some of the world-class football players. In earlier years, the club has also been home to football legends such as Michel Platini, Zinedine Zidane and Alessandro Del Piero.
Juventus has managed to spend most of its history in the Serie A, with the notable exception being the 2006/07 season. The club has also been wildly successful throughout its history, which is why it is considered a symbol of the country's “Italianness”, locally known as Italianita.
Juventus has managed to win 59 official competitions, which is more than any other Italian football team has done. Of these, 48 wins are from domestic competitions, while 11 are from official international competitions. In particular, the club has won the Scudetto (league championship) 33 times, the UEFA Champions League 2 times, the Coppa Italia 10 times, the Intercontinental Cup 2 times, the UEFA Europa League 3 times, the UEFA Super Cup 2 times among other titles in major sporting events.
In 2001, the club set a world record by selling Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid for about 75 million euros, the most expensive transfer ever at the time. In the same year, the club also set the record for the most expensive transfer for a goalkeeper at the time when it paid 45 million euros for Gianluigi Buffon.
The black and white strips of the team shirt could be seen on the crest as well. Just above the middle in the crest the name of the club is written and below that a crown and a shield with a drawing of a stallion. Juventus was also the first club in football to adopt a gold colored start above the crest. The star was used as a sign for ten league titles. Hence the winner of over 30 Scudetto Juventus could claim three stars as an extension of the logo.
Simon Kuper and Stefan Szymanski, Soccernomics (2014)